OK, this is a bit of an Anorak Zone...

...but moth records are important, not only as a guide to the number of species around but also as indicators of the general health of the animal world. In Nature, pretty much everything is eating everything else and moths are at the bottom of a food chain which includes birds, bats and small mammals and, in turn, larger creatures which predate on them.

  I am not  good record-keeper but I am trying to improve, partly to do my little bit to counter the gloom which too often attends discussion - especially in the media - about the natural environment. The loss of species makes news; the arrival of new species seldom does. And yet the moths of the UK have shown a net gain in the past century in terms of numbers of different types. I would not be surprised if their overall numbers have risen too, or at least held their ground.

  We know an awful lot, we humans, but we don't know everything and we don't know enough.  The more people who take up light-trapping, the more we will know about moths.

  So here are mine, with micro-moths given their Linnean names in Italic first, followed by English names where these exist. I am gradually adding pictures, all from the blog, and hope in due course and the good Lord (or Lady) permitting, to further add dates etc which may ultimately make the whole thing of some use.  Update on 3 December 2015: actually, I am getting into the swing of this and adding caterpillars too. It may eventually prove to be quite a handy guide for others trying to ID their moths. Further Update: as of July 15th 2019, the tally is 411.

Should anyone wish to use any of my pictures non-commercially, you are warmly welcome to do so, but I'd be grateful if you could acknowledge, or even better link to, the blog.

  Oh, and if you spot any mistakes (not unheard-of on Martin's Moths...) please put them right in Comments (about a mile below at the end of the list) or let me know in some other way. Much obliged.


Acleris aspersana on an oakeapple
And not on an oakapple
Acleris cristana
Acleris emargana (or possibly newly-separated species
A.effractana) but this is rarer. Dissection required
to be sure and that's not my thing
Acleris ferrugana
Acleris forsskaleana
Acleris forsskaleana again, with a more distinctive
'love heart', caught appropriately on Penny's birthday

Acleris holmiana
Acleris laterana
Acleris sparsana
Acleris variegana
Acrobasis advenella
Agapeta hamana
And another, facing the same way

Agapeta zoegana
Aglossa pinguinalis

Agonopterix alstromeriana
Agonopterix arenella
Agonopterix heracliana
Agriphila straminella

Agriphila tristella - also shown below

Aleimma loeflingiana

Anania coronata
Anania Coronata again - showing its size on my hand

Anania hortulata
Anania perlucidalis

Aphelia paleana
And again, closer to
Aphomoa sociella - Bee moth
Apotomis betuletana
Archips xylosteana - Variegated Golden Tortrix

Argyresthia goedartella
August Thorn
Autumnal (or Pale Autumnal or November
which are indistinguishable without dissection which I don't do.
Autumnal Rustic
Bagworm spp
Bagworm - Diplodoma lairchartingella (I think)
Barred Hook-tip
Barred Sallow
Barred Straw(s)
Barred Yellow
Batia unitella (now Crassa u. after one of those scientific
 debates mentioned in the introduction to this page.
Batia (Crassa) unitella again, after a dodgy landing
 in the trap, possibly brushing the bulb
Batia (Crassa) unitella - the same moth as
 above from a different angle
Beaded Chestnut
Beautiful China-mark
Beautiful Hook-tip
Beautiful Plume

Bird-cherry Ermine (Yponomeuta econymella)

Black Arches
Black Rustic in dawn's early light
And in the noonday sun

Blair's Shoulder-knot

Bloodvein again - in a slightly different pose
Blotched Emerald

Blue-bordered Carpet

Bordered Beauty

Bordered Pug
Bordered Pug (I think; may be mis-IDed)
Bordered Sallow (snuggling up on right)
Bordered Straw

Bright-line Brown-eye
Brimstone, turning her back on a Common Footman
Brindled Beauty
Brindled Green
Brindled Pug
Broad-barred White
Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing
Broken-barred Crpet
Brown China-mark
Brown Plume
Brown Rustic
Brown Scallop

Brown Silver-line

Brown-line Bright-eye

Brown-spot Pinion
Bud moth (Spilonata occellana)
Buff Ermine
Buff Arches
Bulrush Wainscot

Burnished Brass
And a couple more Burnished Brasses


Calamotropha paludella

Caloptilia elongelia
Caloptilia elongelia from another angle
Caloptilia semifascia - Autumn generation

Canary-shouldered Thorn
And again. I couldn't resist adding this
 favourite view of a Canary-shouldered Thorn

Carcina quercana
Carnation Tortrix (Cacoecimorpha pronubana)

Catoptria falsella
Catoptria pinella
Celypha lacunana

Celypha striana
Centre-barred Sallow
Chinese Character
Chequered Fruit-tree Tortrix (Pandemis corylana)

Chrysotechia culmella
Cinnabar caterpillar
Clouded Minor
Clouded Border
Clouded Drab - can you see it? Excellent camouflage
Clouded Silver
Clouded-bordered Brindle
Clouded-bordered Brindle, form combusta
Cochylis atricapitana
Cocylimorpha straminea
Common Carpet
Common Emerald
And here again - colours in Emeralds both vary and quickly fade

Common Footman
Common Marbled Carpet - a very variable moth
As you can see here - a darker Common Marbled Carpet
And a third - like most Carpet moths, the Common Marbled
sometimes folds its wings like a butterfly
Common Plume (Emmelina monodactyla). Emmeline the monoplane
And again, a lighter-coloured example
Common Quaker - a very variable moth...
...as you can see from this second example
Common or Lesser Common Rustic - dissection needed to tell apart
Common Swift, getting ready for take-off
And again, a Common Swift in a more familiar pose
Common Wainscot - the pinky version
And the 'standard', lighter version
Common White Wave, plus my fingertip
And the same, a Common White Wave closer-up
Copper Underwing - or Svenson's Copper Underwing - very hard to tell apart
Copper Underwing/Svensson's - the reason for the name
If the underwing has this black marking, it's a standard Copper Underwing
Coxcomb Prominent
Crambus lathionellus
Crambus perlella
Crassa unitella - see Batia unitella, above
Cream Wave
Currant Pug
Cydia splendana
Dark Arches
Dark Chestnut
Dark Marbled Carpet
Dark Fruit-tree Tortrix (Pandemis heperana)
Dark Spectacle
Dark Spinach
Dark Umber (female)

Dark Umber (male)

Dark Swordgrass (top, with Lunar Underwing below)

Death's Head Hawk (photographed in Kirtlington, Oxon
 - the only moth in this list not photographed in my garden at Leeds
and later, Oxford. But one day...
Another of the same - with my hand for good measure
December moth
Deep Brown Dart
Ditula augustiorana (Red-barred Tortrix)
Diurnea flagella
Dingy Footman
Dingy Shell

Donacaula forficella

And again, from above

Dot moth
Dotted Border
Dotted Chestnut
Double Lobed
Double Square-spot

Drinkers plural - she's on the left and he's on the right
Another, different Dun-bar. It's a very variable moth
Dusky Brocade
Dusky Sallow

Dusky Scalloped Oak

Dusky Thorn

Early Grey
Early Tooth-striped (I think)
Early Thorn

Elachista apicipunctella
Elephant Hawk
Emperor (male) bred from an egg
One of these eggs in fact, seen with Mum
Her she is in her splendour - and even
 more so on the header to this blog
Endotricha flammealis

Ephestia parasitella
Epiphyas postvittana (Light Brown Apple)
Epiblema foenella
Ethmia dodecea
Eucosma cana
Eucosma obumbratana
European Corn Borer - Ostrinia nubilalis

Eyed Hawk 


And Fan-foot again, from the side whence it resembles a Snout
Feathered Gothic
Feathered Thorn
Figure of 80
The Flame
Flame Carpet
Flame Shoulder
Flounced Rustic
Four-spotted Footman
Freyer's Pug
Frosted Green
Frosted Orange
Garden Carpet
Garden Dart (I think)
Garden Pebble (Evergestis forficalis)

Garden Rose Tortrix (Acleris variegana)

Garden Tiger

Ghost moth - male
Ghost moth - female
Gold (or Lempke's Gold) Spot - too hard to tell the
 difference without microscopic examination
Gold Triangle - Hypsopygia costalis
And again - Gold Triangle in its usual resting position
Grass Veneer spp - grateful for help over which it is of several species

Green Arches

Green Carpet

Green Oak Tortrix (Tortrix viridiana) with Common Emerald behind
Green Pug
Green Silver-lines
Green-brindled Crescent
Green-brindled Crescent form capucina
Grey or Dark Dagger - requires dissection to tell the difference
Grey Pine Carpet
Grey Shoulder-knot (hoping for better photo one day)


Heart and Club
Heart and Dart, with snail
Hebrew Character
Honeysuckle - Ypsolopha dentella
Hummingbird Hawk
And again - Hummingbird Hawk
A third Hummingbird Hawk, in flight
Hypsopigia glaucinalis - in the limelight

And in shade - more realistic colouring

Iron Prominent


Juniper Carpet
The Juniper Carpet's eerie face - Jeremy Corbyn?


Knot Grass

Large Emerald
Large Fruit-tree Tortrix (Archips podana)

Large Nutmeg
Large Twin-spot Carpet
Large Wainscot
Large Yellow Underwing

Latticed Heath

Lead-coloured Drab

Least Black Arches

Least Carpet

Least Yellow Underwing

Leek Moth (Acrolepiopsis assectela)

Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing

Lesser Cream Wave

Lesser Swallow Prominent
Lesser Treble-bar

Lesser Treble-bar form fimbriata

Lesser Yellow Underwing

Light Arches
Light Brocade

Light Emerald
Lime Hawk
Lime Hawk var Brunnea
Lime-speck pug
Lozotaeniodes formosana

Lunar-spotted Pinion
Lunar Underwing, grey

Lunar Underwing, brown

Lunar Underwing, cappucino

Maiden's Blush - lovely moth, lovely name

Marbled Brown
Marbled Beauty
Marbled Coronet
Marbled Green, with wasp
Marbled White-spot
March Moth
Marbled Minor
Merveille du Jour (Top Moth!)

Mint Moth (Pyrausta aurata)

Middle-barred Minor

Mompha subistrigella (and my pyjamas again)
Mother of Pearl
Mottled Beauty (and pyjamas again)

Mottled Pug

Mottled Rustic (I think)

Mouse Moth

Muslin Footman



Nematapogon metaxella

And again, although ID-ing these scraps with my level of photography is dodgy

Nettle-tap (Anthophila fabriciana)
Nomophila noctuella (Rush Veneer)

November Moth

Nut-tree Tussock

Oak Beauty
Oak Tree Pug

Oak Hook-tip

Oblique Carpet

Obscure Wainscot

Old Lady

Orange Footman

Orange Sallow

Orange Swift


Pale Brindled Beauty

Pale Eggar

Pale Mottled Willow

Pale Oak Beauty (I think)

Pale Pinion

Pale Prominent
Pale Tussock

Pale-shouldered Brocade
Pammene aurita

Pandemis cerasama - Barred Fruit-tree Tortrix
Peach Blossom

Pebble Hook-tip
Pebble Prominent
Peppered, standard and melanic


Phtheochroa nugozana

Pine Beauty

Pine Hawk

Pink-barred Sallow

Plain Golden Y (I think)

Plutella xylostella (Diamond-back)

Poplar Hawk - the second-ever picture on the blog, in June 2008
Poplar Grey
Poplar Kitten

Powdered Quaker

Privet Hawk - close-up blush

Privet Hawk - what a whopper!

Privet Hawk, overshadowing a Common Swift
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana
Purple Bar

Purple Thorn

Puss Moth
Pyla (Matilella) Fusca (I think)
Pyrausta purpuralis


Red Chestnut

Red-green Carpet

Red-line Quaker

Red Twin-spot Carpet

Red Underwing
Ditto, from top with glimpse of skirt

And finally the usual resting position, more demure

Reddish Light Arches
Riband Wave

Ditto - smokey version

Ringed China-mark - female
Ringed China-mark - male. I think he gets the better deal

Rosy Rustic

Round-winged Muslin

Ruby Tiger
Rustic Shoulder-knot

Rusty-dot Pearl (Udea ferrugalis)


Sallow Kitten
Sandy Carpet

Satellite - detail of the mark which gives the moth its name

Scalloped Hazel

Scalloped Oak

Scarlet Tiger

Schoenobius gigantella from above

And from the side
Scoparia pyralella
Scorched Carpet
Scorched Wing

Scrobipalpa acuminatella or Aproaerema anthyllidella
or even Scythris picaepennis

September Thorn


Setaceous Hebrew Character
Shaded Broad-bar


Shoulder Stripe
Shoulder-striped Wainscot
Shuttle-shape Dart
And another, different one. The Shuttle-shape
 Dart is another very variable moth
Silver-ground Carpet

Silver Y

Single(!)-dotted Wavw

Six-striped Rustic

Slender Brindle
Small Blood-vein
Small Brindled Beauty (I think)
Small China-mark
Small Dotted Buff

Small Dusty Wave (I think)
Yes (see pic immediately above) because here's one I found in Bloomsbury, London

Small Elephant Hawk
Small Magpie

Small Phoenix

Small Quaker

Small Rivulet

Small Scallop

Small Seraphim

Small Square-dot

Small Wainscot

Small Waved Umber

Small White Wave

Smoky Wainscot

Spectacle - the first-ever picture on the blog, in June 2008

Spindle Ermine (Yponomeuta cagnagella)


Spruce Carpet

Square-spot Rustic
Straw Dot

Straw Underwing
Swallow Prominent


Tawny-barred Angle

Tawny Marbled Minor
Tawny Pinion

Tawny Speckled Pug

Timothy Tortrix (Aphelia paleana)
Toadflax Pug
Treble Bar
Treble Lines
Tree-lichen Beauty
Triangle Plume (Platypilia gonodactyla)


Twenty Plume (Alucita hexadactyla)

Twin-spot Carpet

Twin-spot Quaker

Twin-spotted Wainscot (Why the grander 'spotted'? I know not.


Udea lutealis

Udea olivalis

Uncertain. Along with the Confused, an apt name



Varied Coronet


Vine's Rustic


Water Veneer

Waved Umber

Wax Moth (Galleria mellonella) side view

Wax Moth top view

White Ermine

White Pinion-spotted

White Plume (Pterophorus pentadactyla)


White Satin
White-spotted Pug
Willow Beauty from above

Willow Beauty heading your way

Winter Moth in unusual 'butterfly pose' from the side

Winter Moth from above


Yellow-barred Brindle

Yellow-line Quaker

Yellow Shell

Yellow Straw


Ypsolopha sequella

And that's the lot. For now...


Paul Hopkins said...

Hi Martin - a collection which puts my 230 or so garden species to shame!

I wonder if your Celypha lacunana pic is actually a Scoparia or Eudonia sp. though? (I daren't guess which one).

All the best,

MartinWainwright said...

Hi Paul - sorry for the delay; I've been away back in Leeds and only just checked this. Thanks very much indeed for your trouble. I am sure that you will be right. I'll double check and change as necessary in the morning. Really appreciated. I'm slogging through, putting in the pictures - hope to finish not too late in the New Year. All warmest wishes, Martin

MartinWainwright said...

Hi again Paul

I've substituted another C.lacunana, this one identified at the time by Ben Sale, so I feel that I am on surer ground. But plase let me know if you have any doubts. Thanks v much again, Martin

Angie Taylor said...

I'm not a moth watcher but I've thoroughly enjoyed your directory and indeed all your moth blogs since I've started reading them just recently. It's such a peaceful and meditative contrast to the tension of today's news and politics. I go straight from the BBC news pages to your blog to see what's happening in this other dimension where time seems to stand still and small is big. Thanks!

Martin Wainwright said...

Hi Angie

I'm so pleased to read your comments and thanks very much for taking the time and trouble to post them. I have always been grateful to the people who kindled my interest in the natural world and I am very pleased when young people - and not just young ones - discover its wonders too. They put the hurly burly of life into perspective, I think.

All warm wishes and thanks again